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Portal Prognozno-izveštajne službe zaštite bilja > Region Ruma > Prilozi > Zdravstveno stanje hibrida kukuruza pred berbu (makroogled)
Zdravstveno stanje hibrida kukuruza pred berbu (makroogled)

 

Na oglednom polju RC Ruma (Fišer) urađen je vizuelni pregled hibrida kukuruza iz različitih grupa zrenja. Pregledom je obuhvaćeno 84 hibrida. Na svakom hibridu pregledano je po 100 klipova kukuruza u cilju utvrđivanja prisustva oštećenja od insekata (Ostrinia nubilalis i Helicoverpa armigera) kao i  prisustva gljiva prouzrokovača plesnivosti klipa (Fusarium spp.,  Aspergillus spp., Penicillium spp. i Cladosporium spp.).

 

Rezultati očitavanja prikazani su tabelarno, i to procentualna zastupljenost različitih kombinacija simptoma i ukupna procentualna zastupljenost pojedinačnih simptoma (BS- bez simptoma; I- insekti; F- Fusarium spp; P- Penicllium spp; C -Cladosporium spp.; A- Aspergilus spp.).

 

  Procentualna zastupljenost različitih kombinacija simptoma Procentualna zastupljenost pojedinačnih simptoma 
Sorta br. Semenska kuća Hibrid FAO BS I F A P C I_F I_A F_A F_P F_C A_C I_P I_F_A I_F_P I_F_C I_A_C I_P_C I_F_A_P I_F_A_C Ukupno   I Ukupno   F Ukupno    A Ukupno  P Ukupno  C
1 ZP hibridi ZP 341 300 20 22 1 0 1 2 41 1 0 0 1 0 2 1 2 6 0 0 0 0 75 52 2 5 9
2 ZP hibridi ZP 366 300 29 22 4 0 0 7 27 0 0 0 1 0 1 1 5 3 0 0 0 0 59 41 1 6 11
3 ZP hibridi ZP 388 300 31 31 0 0 0 3 30 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 4 1 0 0 0 0 66 35 0 4 4
4 ZP hibridi ZP 427 400 28 25 0 0 0 2 23 0 0 0 0 0 1 0 10 10 0 1 0 0 70 43 0 12 13
5 ZP hibridi ZP 434 400 30 27 1 0 0 3 27 0 0 0 0 0 2 1 3 6 0 0 0 0 66 38 1 5 9
6 ZP hibridi ZP 555 500 59 14 1 0 0 0 25 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 0 0 0 0 0 40 27 0 1 0
7 ZP hibridi ZP 560 500 53 8 4 0 0 0 24 0 0 0 2 0 2 1 5 1 0 0 0 0 41 37 1 7 3
8 ZP hibridi ZP 600 600 16 6 2 0 0 0 61 0 0 0 0 0 2 3 10 0 0 0 0 0 82 76 3 12 0
9 ZP hibridi ZP 606 600 15 8 2 0 0 2 59 1 0 1 1 0 1 0 5 3 0 1 0 1 79 72 2 8 8
10 ZP hibridi ZP 666 600 25 14 3 0 0 1 41 0 0 1 0 0 1 1 11 2 0 0 0 0 70 59 1 13 3
11 Agris AGS 4 400 41 16 3 0 0 0 33 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 5 2 0 0 0 0 56 43 0 5 2
12 Agris AGS 500 500 38 10 3 0 1 1 42 0 0 0 0 0 1 2 2 0 0 0 0 0 57 49 2 4 1
13 Agris Mono 500 40 11 2 1 1 2 31 1 0 0 0 0 1 2 4 2 0 2 0 0 54 41 4 8 6
14 Agris AGS 730 600 22 26 11 0 0 0 30 0 0 2 0 0 2 1 5 0 0 0 1 0 65 50 2 10 0
15 Agris AGS 83 600 43 7 8 0 0 0 34 0 0 0 0 0 1 0 5 2 0 0 0 0 49 49 0 6 2
16 NS hibridi NS 3022 300 31 37 5 0 0 5 17 1 0 0 0 0 0 1 1 2 0 0 0 0 59 26 2 1 7
17 NS hibridi NS 4023 400 48 37 3 0 0 0 8 1 0 0 0 0 1 0 1 1 0 0 0 0 49 13 1 2 1
18 NS hibridi NS 4030 400 72 20 4 0 0 0 2 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 1 0 0 0 0 24 8 0 1 1
19 NS hibridi NS 4051 400 34 34 7 1 0 8 10 0 0 0 1 0 1 0 2 2 0 0 0 0 49 22 1 3 11
20 NS hibridi NS 5051 500 38 29 3 1 0 0 20 0 0 1 1 0 3 2 1 1 0 0 0 0 56 29 3 5 2
21 NS hibridi NS 5052 500 53 35 2 0 0 1 6 0 0 0 0 0 1 0 1 1 0 0 0 0 44 10 0 2 2
22 NS hibridi NS 5083 500 20 22 3 0 0 13 21 0 1 1 2 0 0 1 3 13 0 0 0 0 60 45 2 4 28
23 NS hibridi NS 6010 600 27 29 8 0 1 0 29 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 4 2 0 0 0 0 64 43 0 5 2
24 NS hibridi NS 6030 600 42 22 11 0 0 1 17 0 0 0 0 0 2 1 2 2 0 0 0 0 46 33 1 4 3
25 NS hibridi NS 6102 600 45 45 3 0 0 2 2 1 0 0 0 0 1 0 0 1 0 0 0 0 50 6 1 1 3
26 NS hibridi NS 6140 600 47 19 4 0 0 1 20 1 0 1 1 1 0 1 2 1 0 1 0 0 45 30 3 4 5
27 NS hibridi NS 7020 700 39 19 11 0 0 0 27 0 0 0 1 0 2 0 0 1 0 0 0 0 49 40 0 2 2
28 KWS KWS 2370 290 62 18 9 0 0 3 2 0 0 0 2 0 0 1 1 2 0 0 0 0 24 17 1 1 7
29 KWS Kamparis 370 34 45 3 0 0 1 8 1 0 0 1 0 3 0 0 0 0 4 0 0 61 12 1 7 6
30 KWS KWS 5050 550 59 32 2 0 0 1 5 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 38 7 1 0 1
31 KWS Krabas 300 44 41 2 0 0 5 6 0 0 0 1 0 0 0 0 1 0 0 0 0 48 10 0 0 7
32 KWS KWS 3381 390 39 37 4 0 0 4 13 1 0 0 0 0 2 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 53 17 1 2 4
33 KWS Konfites 430 38 30 4 0 0 7 18 0 0 0 1 0 0 0 0 2 0 0 0 0 50 25 0 0 10
34 KWS Balasco 440 34 29 6 0 0 9 18 0 0 0 1 0 0 0 0 3 0 0 0 0 50 28 0 0 13
35 KWS Krebs 450 46 33 4 0 0 4 12 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 0 0 46 16 0 1 5
36 KWS Kolumbaris 460 40 30 5 0 0 2 21 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 0 0 0 0 0 53 27 1 1 2
37 KWS Kalimnos 470 34 42 2 0 0 0 19 2 0 0 0 0 0 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 64 22 3 0 0
38 KWS Kitty 490 47 28 2 2 1 0 5 7 1 0 0 0 1 4 2 0 0 0 0 0 47 14 14 4 0
39 KWS Kerbanis 540 40 47 3 2 0 0 6 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 0 0 0 0 0 55 10 3 1 0
40 KWS Mikado 550 31 36 4 2 1 0 19 5 0 0 0 0 0 2 0 0 0 0 0 0 62 25 9 1 0
41 KWS Korimbos 600 40 43 6 0 2 0 5 3 0 0 0 0 0 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 52 12 4 2 0
42 KWS Konsens 600 47 32 11 1 0 0 6 3 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 41 17 4 0 0
43 KWS Kermess 600 39 36 9 0 0 0 15 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 52 25 1 0 0
44 KWS Kopias 700 47 40 0 1 0 0 12 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 52 12 1 0 0
45 RAGT Rivoxx 330 22 68 2 0 0 0 5 2 0 0 0 0 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 76 7 2 1 0
46 RAGT Pixxtol 490 25 59 1 0 0 0 15 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 74 16 0 0 0
47 RAGT Axxo 430 49 42 1 0 0 0 8 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 50 9 0 0 0
48 RAGT Exxupery 560 69 22 2 0 0 2 5 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 27 7 0 0 2
49 Dekalb DKC 3623 250 47 43 3 0 1 2 3 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 47 6 1 1 2
50 Dekalb DKC 4717 380 48 36 1 1 0 7 7 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 43 8 1 0 7
51 Dekalb DKC 5031 500 43 45 0 0 0 1 8 2 0 0 0 0 0 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 56 9 3 0 1
52 Dekalb DKC 5830 570 51 34 0 0 0 2 10 3 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 47 10 3 0 2
53 Dekalb DKC 5632 590 49 39 1 0 0 1 9 0 0 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 48 11 0 1 1
54 Osijek OS 398 390 40 41 2 0 0 3 9 2 1 0 0 0 0 2 0 0 0 0 0 0 54 14 5 0 3
55 Osijek Drava 404 420 34 52 1 1 0 1 8 2 0 0 0 0 0 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 63 10 4 0 1
56 Osijek OSSK 515 520 44 50 1 0 0 0 5 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 55 6 0 0 0
57 AS hibridi AS 44 450 40 36 5 0 0 0 17 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 0 0 0 0 0 55 23 1 1 0
58 AS hibridi AS 54 450 32 39 3 0 0 8 16 0 0 0 1 0 0 0 1 0 0 0 0 0 56 21 0 1 9
59 AS hibridi AS 57 570 63 12 9 0 0 1 13 1 0 0 0 0 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 27 22 1 1 1
60 AS hibridi AS 507 550 41 36 6 0 0 0 15 0 0 0 0 0 2 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 53 21 0 2 0
61 AS hibridi AS 534 500 42 27 6 0 0 2 23 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 50 29 0 0 2
62 AS hibridi AS 603 600 22 35 1 0 0 9 22 0 0 0 1 0 3 0 0 7 0 0 0 0 67 31 0 3 17
63 AS hibridi AS 72 640 44 24 7 0 0 8 7 3 0 0 3 0 0 1 1 2 0 0 0 0 38 21 4 1 13
64 AS hibridi AS 733 700 32 23 2 0 0 0 34 1 0 0 2 0 0 0 2 3 1 0 0 0 64 43 2 2 6
65 Limagrain Limanova 370 38 33 4 0 0 7 10 2 0 0 0 0 2 1 0 3 0 0 0 0 51 18 3 2 10
66 Limagrain LG 30.389 410 41 37 3 0 0 11 6 0 0 2 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 43 11 0 2 11
67 Limagrain LG 30.491 490 23 22 3 0 0 12 26 0 0 0 7 0 0 0 0 7 0 0 0 0 55 43 0 0 26
68 Raiffeisen Agro Axxys 310 23 27 5 0 0 14 18 0 0 0 4 0 1 0 0 8 0 0 0 0 54 35 0 1 26
69 Raiffeisen Agro Midixx 380 43 31 10 0 0 0 13 1 0 0 0 0 1 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 47 24 2 1 0
70 Raiffeisen Agro Axxilin 440 34 33 8 0 0 1 18 3 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 3 0 0 0 0 57 29 3 0 4
71 Raiffeisen Agro Chapalu 350 18 18 6 0 0 9 33 1 0 0 2 0 2 1 0 10 0 0 0 0 65 52 2 2 21
72 Raiffeisen Agro Portile 390 15 20 13 0 0 6 32 0 0 0 4 0 1 0 2 7 0 0 0 0 62 58 0 3 17
73 Raiffeisen Agro Ulyxxe 450 24 15 7 0 0 8 28 1 0 0 1 0 1 0 1 13 0 0 1 0 60 51 2 3 22
74 Raiffeisen Agro Lexxtour 480 29 44 2 0 0 4 20 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 0 0 0 0 65 23 0 0 5
75 Raiffeisen Agro Cadixxio 480 60 32 1 0 0 0 6 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 39 7 1 0 0
76 Raiffeisen Agro Onexx 520 37 35 3 0 0 6 14 1 0 0 1 0 0 0 0 3 0 0 0 0 53 21 1 0 10
77 Raiffeisen Agro Issia 500 44 22 5 0 0 8 14 0 0 0 2 0 0 0 1 4 0 0 0 0 41 26 0 1 14
78 Raiffeisen Agro Acimill 420 44 44 6 0 0 2 3 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 48 9 1 0 2
79 Raiffeisen Agro Initio 300 42 38 6 0 0 1 9 1 0 0 0 0 1 1 1 0 0 0 0 0 51 17 2 2 1
80 Raiffeisen Agro Gasti 530 50 34 2 1 0 5 8 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 42 10 1 0 5
81 Raiffeisen Agro Coruxxo 500 67 19 8 0 0 0 6 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 25 14 0 0 0
82 Pioneer P0023 410 27 52 3 0 0 3 12 2 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 0 0 0 0 67 16 2 0 4
83 Pioneer P9721 390 38 52 0 1 0 1 6 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 0 0 0 60 6 3 0 2
84 Pioneer PR37N01 370 67 28 0 0 0 1 4 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 32 4 0 0 1

 

Prilikom pregleda utvrđeno je da se procenat napadnutih klipova kreće od 28 do 85%. U najvećoj meri su registrovana oštećenja od insekata, kao i kombinovana oštećenja od insekata i Fusarium spp. U nešto značajnijoj meri je uočeno prisustvo Cladosporium spp., dok su Penicillium spp., i Aspergillus spp. ustanovljeni u manjoj meri.

 

simptomi

ukupna procentualna zastupljenost

 bez simptoma

15-72%

oštećenja od insekata

24-82%

Fusarium spp.

4-76%

Aspergillus spp.

0-14%

Penicillium spp.

0-13%

Cladosporium spp.

0-28%

 

 

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